Compulsory Education Age
3 to 16 (from 16 to 18 training is mandatory until the age of majority)
Estimated Number of Homeschoolers
2000–3000 private homeschoolers and 10,000–20,000 homeschoolers enrolled in correspondence schools.
Homeschooling is legal and is governed by the Education Code, Article L. 131, a supplemental decree and a circular. Under a law enacted in 1882 and amended in 1946 and 1998, “there is no requirement of scholarization in the sense of attending a school but rather a requirement of instruction.”
The law requires municipal supervision of children being schooled at home. While the text of the law, as drafted in 1882, requires only that the child acquire “the elementary notions of reading, writing, and calculation,” an administrative judge has ruled that this should be equivalent to what the child would learn in school at the same age, and that it is the responsibility of the family to demonstrate that this requirement has been met.
Families must annually notify the appropriate authorities of their intent to homeschool and the authority of the state must verify the instruction at least one time per year. If the results are deemed insufficient, a second inspection is expected. If authorities find the second inspection insufficient, the family must enroll the child into school within the fifteen days of receiving the formal demand.
Mason a la Maison
Contact: Rebekah Morel
Les Enfants d’Abord
Address: 8 rue Haguenau
CISE—Choisir d’Instruire Son Enfant
Information on Homeschooling in France
The French organization CEDIF works to protect parental rights and published an overview on these topics.
French families oppose a bill to switch home education to a permission-based system instead of the current declaration-based system.
French homeschool families resist a draft law to increase restrictions on homeschooling.
The International Center for Home Education reviews an article by an education professor on French homeschooling.