Compulsory Education Age
Children must begin their education starting the first school day of the year in which a child turns 6 years old until the last school day of the year in which he or she attains the age of 18 years (or until other factors such as completion of secondary education, completion of a specialized education program, or other exemptions are met). (The Basic Education Act 3 of 2020)
Homeschooling is governed under the Basic Education Act 3 of 2020. (The act has been passed by parliament but has yet to be brought to force. The Act will repeal the Education Act 16 of 2001.)
According to the Basic Education Act 3 of 2020, homeschooling means educational instruction by the parent or caregiver or other privately appointed tutors or service providers to teach a learner a legally approved academic curriculum at home instead of at a public or private school.
Parents are obligated to apply for admission for a child at a registered homeschool no later than 10 school days after the start of the school year or the day the child turns six years old.
A parent may apply to the Minister for homeschool registration and be approved if the Minister is satisfied that:
- A situation relating to health or disability exists that prevents the learner from attending or fully benefiting from the regular school attendance;
- the registration is in the best interest of the learner; or
- the education to be received by the learner at home meets the minimum requirements of the curriculum provided in State schools and is a standard not inferior to the standard of education provided at State schools.
The Executive Director may designate monitoring and evaluation of home schools, and the Minister may withdraw registration if the minimum requirements are not met.