Compulsory Education Age
6 - 16 years old
According to the Article 35 of the Constitution primary and basic education are obligatory. According to the civil code of Georgia it is an obligation of each parent to bring up and provide education to his/her child. In addition,
there are no restrictions in choosing a form of education according to the constitution. Thus, it is up to a parent, or a guardian in case of absence of parents, to make a decision whether a child will receive mandatory general education in an educational
institution or outside of the system, informally.
The law “on general education” grants a right to an individual to study general education programs independently. The rules and conditions to receive in
formal general education (eksternat) are defined by the Ministry. According to the aforementioned rule, an individual has a right to independently study each course or a subject of general education on primary, basic and secondary stages.
In addition, the legislation of Georgia does not oblige parents to provide information to a government body in advance, if they are going to provide their child with education independently from a school, at home, although the legislation does provide
sanctions for those parents, who avoid their obligation to bring up and provide education to their children.
To recognize informal education, it is essential to pass exams (eksternat) approved by the State, which testifies that a person has reached an achievement level defined by the National Curriculum.
An individual has a right to pass an exam, if his/her age corresponds or exceeds an age group of students of a corresponding grade and he/she has overcome an educational program of a preceding grade.
Eksternat exams are organized by the Ministry, on the territories of autonomous republics (Autonomous Republic of Adjara and Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia) by corresponding ministries.
The exam is conducted in a written form and is taken:
- On a primary stage, in the same school where a student is enrolled. The school prepared the test;
- On Basic and Secondary stages, the exam is taken at a school defined by a territorial body of the Ministry – a resource center. The preparation of a test is ensured by the resource center.
- The resource center defined by the Ministry conducts an exam on a final grade of complete general education or a particular subject exam.
The procedural violations of eksternat exams are reviewed by the Ministry. A Special Appeals Committee is created in order to discuss complaints.
In case of mastering the achievement level of each stage/grade of general education given in the national curriculum testified by an eksternat exam, a document verifying education is issued, which is recognized by the State and its legal right of is not
different from a document issued by a school. Based on this, an individual has a right to continue studies on a next level.