Originally Sent: 7/11/2013

HSLDA Homeschooling a Struggling Learner

July 11, 2013


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Including Children with Special Needs in Co-ops

By Faith Berens

We were all designed for relationship—not only relationship with our Heavenly Father, but also with one another. We need one another, so we can’t go it alone.

But did you know that people with disabilities are the largest population group missing from the body of Christ? Today I want to urge families who are homeschooling children with special needs to consider participating in a local homeschool co-op which can be a good place to find assistance and encouragement!

About the Author

Faith Berens
Faith Berens

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I would also like to encourage families who are serving and participating in co-ops to welcome and include those with disabilities. The Lord Jesus was always reaching out to the blind, lame, deaf, and sick, showing love and compassion. We who are Christ’s followers are called to do the same.

Practicing Skills

Participating in a co-op gives children with special needs an opportunity to practice communication and social skills, as well as other important life skills, that parents no doubt are training them in at home. Keep in mind, often our children with special needs find learning such skills very challenging; so they need more time and lots of practice to apply those skills.

Frequently these children do not generalize well, so while they may demonstrate some skills at home, in a different setting they may find it difficult to put them into practice. Also, many of our students don’t transition well and are not flexible thinkers, so again, by participating in a small group outside the home, yet with mom/dad there to offer support, it allows for growth and stretching of the child’s important life tools. We all need to remember children with special needs are created in God’s image; these children have areas of special gifting—so they bring much to a group and can be a source of inspiration and blessing to other “typical” learners.

Helpful Hints

Many parents voice concern about having their child with special needs participate in a co-op due to the child’s challenges. I would like to offer some suggestions that I hope families will find helpful.

• Explore the options; as a parent, go visit and observe first.

• Start slowly; perhaps select one class or unstructured activity at a time.

• If your child does well in a more structured environment, seek out an activity or class you think will be a good match.

• Ask about having a buddy or peer mentor.

• Take your child to the co-op environment when there are no other students. Allow him to see the room and practice walking in. Take a picture of your child in her “classroom.”

• Place your child in an activity or class that is an area of strength—an activity you are quite sure will be met with success. So often our kids with special needs feel badly about themselves or their abilities and can have much frustration. By placing them in an area of talent or gifting, we can really allow them to shine.

• Offer practical strategies to co-op parent-teachers, but don’t be overly demanding. Share about your child’s challenges and be positive, offering statements such as, “While writing is difficult for my son due to his poor fine motor skills, he is really adept at giving oral narrations, and we have found by allowing for dictation he is able to be successful. Perhaps this is something we can try here at the co-op.”

• Keep in mind the child may have good days and bad days. Teach and model positive statements or re-frame statements such as “So I/you were not able to do thus and so today, but I/you were able to do or did this and so wonderfully!”

Today I also want to encourage families who are already participating in a co-op to be open and welcome to those with disabilities. We can demonstrate the love of Christ by having empathy, compassion, and by putting aside our own fear and uncertainty when interacting with people with various disabilities. We must include these wonderful children and remember Jesus’ call to “Let the little children come to me and do not hinder them.”

Practical Ideas

Some practical things that co-ops can do to make children with special needs be included are:

• Seek to look beyond the “disability or diagnosis” and get to know the person as a child of God, created in God’s image.

• Focus on what the child can do rather than what he or she can’t do.

• Allow the child to participate at his own pace and level of comfort and ability.

• Lend a listening ear and/or prayer support to parents who are homeschooling children with special needs. Parents so often need a safe place to share their story and journey.

• Provide ways for the child to be a helper by giving him tasks and responsibilities he is able to do.

• Find out the child’s strengths and weaknesses.

• Work with parents and allow for modified assignments. Know that the child may need to use adaptive equipment or assistive technology in order to fully participate. Such helps as communication boards or systems, e-readers, books on audio, or other technology that parents provide will probably be necessary and should be welcomed.

• Train other “veteran” co-op students to be peer buddies or mentors.


Resources to assist co-ops (and other ministries) include those with disabilities:

Key Ministry provides free training materials geared toward assisting churches and ministries to include the disability community.

Joni and Friends International Disability Center offers support, resources, education and training and much more in their goal to share the message and love of Christ to people impacted by disability.

• Barbara Newman’s Christian Learning Center Network has resources and training materials available to assist in building support systems that enable people with varying disabilities to be included in all aspects of life. I recommend their G.L.U.E. Training Manual and DVD, as well as their guidebook titled the Church Welcome Story. While these are geared for churches it is extremely applicable for co-ops and other ministries, such as homeschool support groups.

• Be sure to check out the books Helping Kids Include Kids with Disabilities by Barbara Newman and Let All the Children Come to Me by authors Breeding, Pemberton, and Whitworth.

• • • •

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“Homeschooling a Struggling Learner” is a newsletter of the Home School Legal Defense Association. All rights reserved. For more information on Homeschooling a Struggling Learner or the Home School Legal Defense Association please contact us at:

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