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Georgia
Georgia

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Compulsory education: Ages 6–16

Legal status of homeschooling: According to the Article 35 of the Constitution, primary and basic education are obligatory. According to the civil code of Georgia, each parent is responsible for to bringing up and providing education to his/her child. In addition, the Constitution provides no restrictions on choosing a form of education. Thus, it is up to a parent, or a guardian in case of absence of parents, to make a decision whether a child will receive mandatory general education in an educational institution or outside of the system, informally.

The law “on general education” grants a right to an individual to study general education programs independently. The rules and conditions to receive informal general education (eksternat) are defined by the Ministry. According to the afore-mentioned rule, an individual has a right to independently study each course or a subject of general education on primary, basic, and secondary stages.

In addition, Georgia law does not oblige parents to provide information to a government body in advance, if they are going to provide their child with education independently from a school, at home, although the legislation does provide sanctions for parents who avoid their obligation to bring up and provide education to their children.

For their informal education to be recognized, children must pass exams (eksternat) approved by the state, which testifies that a person has reached an achievement level defined by the National Curriculum.

An individual has a right to pass an exam if his/her age corresponds to or exceeds an age group of students of a corresponding grade and he/she has overcome an educational program of a preceding grade.

Eksternat exams are organized by the Ministry, on the territories of autonomous republics (Autonomous Republic of Adjara and Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia) by corresponding ministries.

The exam is conducted in a written form and is taken as follows:

  • On a primary stage, in the same school where a student is enrolled. The school prepared the test;
  • On Basic and Secondary stages, the exam is taken at a school defined by a territorial body of the Ministry—a resource center. The preparation of a test is ensured by the resource center.
  • The resource center defined by the Ministry conducts an exam on a final grade of complete general education or a particular subject exam.

The procedural violations of eksternat exams are reviewed by the Ministry. A Special Appeals Committee is created in order to discuss complaints.

In case of mastering the achievement level of each stage/grade of general education given in the national curriculum testified by an eksternat exam, a document verifying education is issued, which is recognized by the State and its legal right of is not different from a document issued by a school. Based on this, an individual has a right to continue studies on a next level.

Reference: Taktakishvili C. and Khoperia R., in Glenn Ch. and De Groof J., Balancing Freedom, Autonomy, and Accountability in Education, Volume 4, Nijmegen: Wolf Legal Publishers, 2012, p. 64-65.

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**If you have knowledge of homeschooling in Georgia, please contact HSLDA. Thank you!

Last Updated: June 13, 2018