Common Core Glossary

Achieve—An organization founded in 1996 by a group of governors and corporate leaders to work for standards-based education reform across the states. Achieve helped evaluate and promote the initial Common Core State Standards after they were drafted by the National Governors Association and the Council of Chief State School Officials.

CC—Common Core State Standards.

CCSSO—Council of Chief State School Officials, coauthored—with the National Governors Association—the Common Core State Standards.

Common Core—Common Core State Standards, released in 2010.

FERPA—Family Education Rights and Privacy Act, a federal law that protects the privacy of student educational records. In 2013, the U.S. Department of Education amended FERPA to allow any government or private entity that the Department says is evaluating an education program access to student's personally identifiable information without parental notification.

Gates Foundation—the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, a nonprofit that has provided millions of dollars in funding since 2007 to help develop and advance Common Core State Standards and student data systems.

inBloom—a nonprofit founded in 2012 by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to build a $100 million database to track students from kindergarten through college.

NAEP—National Assessment of Education Progress, a federal program to provide a national “snapshot” of United States students’ achievement at grades 4, 8, and 12. NAEP began holding national assessments in 1969 and continues through the present day.

NCLB—No Child Left Behind, a federal education initiative passed under the Bush Administration.

NGA—National Governors Association, coauthors—along with the Council of Chief State School Officials—of the Common Core State Standards.

P–20 longitudinal data system—preschool through workforce student tracking database.

PARCC—Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers, a consortium of 26 members states that has received $170 million in federal education dollars to craft standardized assessments that align with the Common Core State Standards.

PISA—Programme for International Student Assessment.

SBAC—SMARTER Balanced Assessment Consortium, a group of 31 member states that has received $160 million from the U.S. Department of Education to develop standardized assessments that align with the Common Core State Standards.

RTTT—Race to the Top, a program which provided states an opportunity to compete for a share of $4.35 billion reserved for state education incentives by the American Recovery and Restoration Act.